Improved contribution of local feed to support 100% organic feed supply to pigs and poultry
Contract period:1 October 2011 to 1 October 2014
Main funder:Defra for UK work as part of the Core Organic II
Contact staff at ORC:Jo Smith
The project aims, through an innovative approach of increased knowledge of the characteristics of different local feeds and their wider impact on growth, health and welfare and environment, to produce new feeding strategies which comply with the aims for high animal welfare, production economics and environmental concerns.
The main objectives are:
- Improved knowledge of availability and nutritional value of underutilised or new organic feed ingredients by animal category with a focus on local feed resources
- Improved understanding of the possible benefits of roughage inclusion in relation to nutritional and behavioural needs as well as its impact on health and welfare
- Understanding how direct foraging in the outdoor area can contribute to meeting the animals’ nutritional needs
- Assessing the economic and environmental consequences of increased reliance on local organically-produced feed
Across the 10 partner countries, a range of feeding experiments will be carried out with pigs (sows, piglets and finishers) and poultry (layers and broilers). These trials will include different feedstuffs, roughage, and foraging. The insight gained from these activities will be used to analyse and produce feeding strategies adapted to the differences in local feed supply, the economic impact related to different feed procurement, and variations in production structure in different countries/agroecological zones in Europe.
ORC is contributing to nearly all the Work Packages in the project but we are running, in conjunction with FAI Farms, feed trials on growing pigs and broiler chickens. We will be investigating the effect of roughage on health, welfare and production parameters on pigs and the same effects of European protein sources for the poultry.
We are also running field assessments of feed resources from various on farm habitats and will be collating data on the subject with a desk study to test the hypothesis that the range can contribute to the nutritional needs of pigs and poultry.
Finally we are responsible for leading the knowledge exchange and dissemination within the project.
Current progress highlights
The project has now been completed.
The derogation from the EU Organic Regulatory Board to allow organic pig and poultry producers to include up to 5% non-organic feed within their rations was due to finish at the end of December 2014. From then on all producers would have been required to feed monogastric animals a 100% organic diet. This has now been extended to 31 December 2017. See news item
Project leader and partnersAarhus University, Denmark - Project leader (AU)
Lithuanian Institute of Agrarian Economics (LIAE)
Wageningen UR, Netherlands (WUR – LR)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria (BOKU)
The Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Germany (VTI)
Agrifood Research, Finland (MTT)
University of Applied Sciences, Germany (HSWT)
Louis Bolk Institute (LBI)
FAI Farms, UK (FAI)
Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau (FiBL)
Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA)
Institut Techniique de l’Agriculture Biologique (ITAB)
LFZ Raumberg Gumpenstein (LFZ)
Smith, J., Gerrard, C. and John Hermansen (Eds) (2015). Improved contribution of local feed to support 100% organic feed supply to pigs and poultry (ICOPP): Synthesis report.
Gerrard, C.L., Smith, J., Nelder, R., Bright, A., Colley, M., Clements, R., Pearce, B., (2015) 100% Organic Poultry Feed: Can Algae Replace Soybean Expeller in Organic Broiler Diets?, Organic Farming, 1(1):38-45
Gerrard, C.L., Smith, J., Nelder, R., Bright, A., Clements, R. and Pearce, B. (2014) 100 % Organic feed for poultry – results of feed trials in the UK. In: Rahmann G and Aksoy U (Eds.): Building Organic Bridges. Proceedings of the 4th ISOFAR Scientific Conference 13-15 Oct. 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. Thuenen Report 20, Braunschweig, Germany. Pages: 1147-1150.
Smith, J., Gerrard, C.L., Nelder, R., Clements, R. and Pearce, B. (2014) 100% Organic feed for pigs – results of feed trials in the UK. In: Rahmann G and Aksoy U (Eds.): Building Organic Bridges. Proceedings of the 4th ISOFAR Scientific Conference 13-15 Oct. 2014, Istanbul, Turkey. Thuenen Report 20, Braunschweig, Germany. Pages: 1151-1154
Smith, Jo and Bauer, Christine (2014) ICOPP Report: Can the range contribute to the nutritional needs of organic pigs and poultry? ICOPP REPORTS. Organic Research Centre, UK.
Nelder, Rebecca; Smith, Jo; Clements, Ruth and Pearce, Bruce (2012) 100% local and organic: closing the protein gap for poultry in the ICOPP Project. In: Rahmann, Gerold and Godinho, D (Eds.) Agriculture and Forestry Research (362), pp. 385-387.
For more project publications, see ICOPP Results and publications page
Crawley, Kenny and van Krimpen, Marinus (editor): Smith, Jo; Gerrard, Catherine L and Sumption, Phil (Eds.) (2015) Fulfilling 100% organic poultry diets: Concentrates. ICOPP Technical Notes, No. 1. Organic Research Centre.
Crawley, Kenny (editor): Smith, Jo; Gerrard, Catherine L. and Sumption, Phil (Eds.) (2015) Fulfilling 100% organic poultry diets: Roughage and foraging from the range. ICOPP Technical Notes, No. 2. Organic Research Centre.
Crawley, K. (editor): Smith, Jo; Gerrard, Catherine L. and Sumption, Phil (Eds.) (2015) Fulfilling 100% organic pig diets: Concentrates. ICOPP Technical Notes, No. 3. Organic Research Centre.
Crawley, Kenny (editor): Smith, Jo; Gerrard, Catherine L and Sumption, Phil (Eds.) (2015) Fulfilling 100% organic pig diets: Feeding roughage and foraging from the range. ICOPP Technical Notes, No. 4. Organic Research Centre.
- Introduction to ICOPP project leaflet (PDF 1.7MB)