Embedding crop diversity and networking for local high quality food systems
Full project title:Embedding crop diversity and networking for local high quality food systems
Contract period:28 February 2015 to 28 February 2019
Main funder:Horizon 2020
Contact staff at ORC:Dr. Ambrogio Costanzo
Other staff involved:Dominic Amos, Dr Charlotte Bickler, Bruce Pearce, Susane Padel, Phil Sumption
The DIVERSIFOOD project aimed to enrich cultivated biodiversity by testing, renewing and promoting underutilised genetic resources. Through a radical multi-actor approach, with the active engagement of communities of farmers, processors and researchers, it has proposed an innovative way to bring genetic resources in use also aiming to encourage a new food culture. The project has involved 21 partners from 12 European Countries. The project brought together farmers, scientists, processors, traders and consumers to promote the greater use of diverse plants and produce with a local and cultural identity and to demonstrate how society at large can encourage sustainable agriculture, as well as simultaneously promoting this concept through production and marketing avenues.
From the seedbank to the field
ORC coordinated a series of experiments conceived as an exploration of genetic resources in specific, local agroenvironmental or market contexts, often linked with farmer initiatives. Nine species were tested with hundreds of accessions in 33 different trials across Europe. Seeds were sourced from a variety of both informal and formal, ex-situ and in-situ collections, such as those maintained by the partner ProSpecieRara in Switzerland, and from public seedbanks, such as the John Innes Centre in the UK. This created a unique merging and on-farm deployment of genetic resources from very different sources. In the UK we concentrated our attention on the underutilised relatives of wheat: Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) Emmer (Triticum dicoccon) and Rivet Wheat (Triticum durum subsp. turgidum) exploring many different genetic resources (old varieties, landraces, newly generated populations) under agroecosystem, productive and, in collaboration with the University of Bologna, the nutritional quality perspective, and is now bulking up seeds of the most interesting accessions.
From the field to the plate
In parallel, ORC coordinated a socio-economic study on supply chains for products of underutilised genetic resources. ORC looked at eight case studies, four on vegetables and four on cereal species, considering the perspectives of different actors from farmers to consumers, and generating pointers that need to be carefully considered when aiming to create novel value chains that embed diversity.
Costanzo A (2019) DIVERSIFOOD – Embedding crop diversity and networking for local high quality food systems ORC Bulletin 128: Summer 2019 pp9-12
The DIVERSIFOOD Database: To merge results from all the experiments on ‘underutilised crops’ in a unique, available, accessible repository, the ORC team has generated the ‘DIVERSIFOOD database’. Unlike many existing databases on genetic resources, mostly focused on descriptions and generic information, this tool aims to provide an information basis on actual performance data of genetic resources, with minimally filtered data. You will find the Excel database and a PDF report including a user guide and factsheets from all trials at:www.diversifood.eu/diversifood-database/
DIVERSIFOOD final congress Links to the proceedings and all presentations.
See photos from the trials of Emmer, Einkorn and Rivet wheats.
Project leader and partners
- Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France (INRA)
- The Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, Switzerland (FiBL)
- The Louis Bolk Instituut, The Netherlands (LBI)
- Escola Superior Agraria de Coimbra, Portugal (ESAC)
- University of Bologna, Italy (UNIBO)
- Agricultural Research Institute, Cyprus (ARI)
- University of Pisa, Italy (UNIPI)
- Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica ,Portugal (ITQB)
- Agrifood Research Finland, Finland (MTT)
- Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Spain (CSIC)
- Institut technique de l’Agriculture Biologique, France (ITAB)
- Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, Hungary (ÖMKI)
- Réseau Semences Paysannes, France (RSP)
- Rete Semi Rurali, Italy (RSR)
- Red Andaluza de Semillas, Spain (RAS)
- ProSpecieRara, Switzerland (PSR)
- Arche Noah, Austria (ARCHE NOAH)
- Oikos - Organic Norway (OIKOS)
- Formicablu, Italy (FORMICABLU)
- INRA Transfert, France (IT)
- D2.1 – Inventory of underutilised crops
- D2.4 – Report on intercropping trials with underutilised genetic resources
- D5.1 – Case studies of the marketing of products from newly bred lines and underutilised crops
- D5.4 – Policy recommendation in support of food diversity
Costanzo A., Serpolay E. 2019. A guide to participatory experimentation with underutilised genetic resources. Booklet #2. DIVERSIFOOD.
Previous relevant work
- SOLIBAM EU FP7 funded
- Wheat Breeding LINK (LK0999) Defra funded
- Wheat LINK (LK0974) Defra funded
- Wheat Breeding (AR0914) Defra funded